The UN Convention
on the Rights of the Child.

This describes the basic human rights to which every person under the age of 18yrs is entitled. It applies to children of every background and include the right to survival, to develop to the fullest, to protection from harmful influences, abuse and exploitation and to participate fully in family, cultural and social life. While having these rights is not the same as being law, countries still have to make their laws to fit with these rights.

The rights are set out in what are called Articles and some examples of these rights are:

Article 3

- it says that in all actions concerning children the best interests of the child will be the most important thing to consider.

Article 12

- says that children have a right to give their views freely in all things that affect them and that these must be taken seriously.

Article 16

- says that children have a right to privacy not just in places they are staying but also concerning their relationships and conversations with other people such as when seeing visitors or having phone calls as well as confidentiality of their notes and records.

Article 23

- says that any child who is disabled, physically or mentally, has a right to be treated with dignity and enjoy a full and decent life as well as be helped to play an active part in the community.

Article 28

- says that all children, even those who are detained should be able to access education.

Article 37(c)

- says that every child that has been detained has a right to be treated with respect and diginity which takes into account the child’s needs and age. Also the child should be separated from adults unless it is considered to be in the child’s best interests not to. Also a child should have a right to keep in contact with family through letters and visits unless there is good reason for this not to happen.